There are many events celebrated by Muslim’s all around the world, but there are one event
that split Muslim world into two is called Eid Al Ghadir .It’s is one of the most sacred event for
Shia Muslim all around the world. It is a event which is named after a incident in which Ali ibn
Abi Talib the cousin of prophet (PBUH) appointed as a leader of religious authority after
The event of Ghadir named after the place, which took place near the Ghadir pond area of
Khumm Which is situated in the city of Al-Juhfah in Saudi arabia.
On the 18 th of Dhul Hijjah, the 10 th year after Hijrah, after the first and last Hajj carried out by
the Holy Prophet (PBUH), our beloved Prophet addressed the people in what is widely
regarded as the last time in which he spoke to a large group of men and women.
Traveling from Madina to Mecca Holy Prophet (PBUH) stop at Ghadir Khumm with his
followers, which is the place where Prophet recite this verse that has significance importance.
“Oh Apostle! Deliver what has been sent down to you from your Lord, and if you do not,
you have not delivered His message (at all); and Allah will protect you from the people.”
Final part of verse show that if Prophet (PBUH) didn’t preach the final teaching of Islam than
it is consider that he deliver nothing to people. After the revelation of the verse, the Prophet
(PBUH) ordered for people leaving the Khumm area to return and listen to him.
“Oh people, Allah the Most Kind the Omniscient has told me that no apostle lives to
more than half the age of him who had preceded him. I believe that I am about to be
called (to die) and thus I must respond. I am responsible and you are responsible, then
what do you say?”
They replied, “We witness that you have informed, advised and striven. May Allah bless you.”
The Prophet continued, “Do you not bear witness that there is no god but Allah and that
Muhammad is His servant and Apostle, and that His Heaven is true, His Hell is true, death
is true, the Resurrection after death is true, that there is no doubt that the Day of
Judgment will come, and that Allah will resurrect the dead from their graves?”
They said, “Yes, we bear witness.”
He said, “Oh Allah, bear witness. ‘Oh people, Allah is my Lord and I am the lord of the
believers. I am worthier of believers than themselves. Of whomsoever I had been Master
(Mawla), Ali here is to be his Master. (Mawla). Oh Allah, be a supporter of whoever
supports him (Ali) and an enemy of whoever opposes him (Ali).”
After the people came to congratulate Ali Ibn Abi Talib, the Prophet (pbuh) continued to say:
“Oh people, I will go ahead of you and you will arrive at my Pond (in Heaven) which is
wider than the distance between Basra and San’a. It has receptacles as numerous as the
stars, and two cups of gold and two of silver. I will ask you about the two weighty
things that I have left for you when you come to me to see how you dealt with them.
The greater weighty thing is Allah’s book, the Holy Qur’an. One end is in Allah’s hand
and the other is in your hands. Keep it and you will not deviate.
That other weighty thing is my family (Ahlulbayt) and my descendants. The Most Kind
the Omniscient had told me that both of them, would not separate until they come to my
Differences of opinion between Muslims:
Every Muslim who are alive not able disagree with the occurrence of this event it is
indisputable fact and undeniable truth. People give this event the status of “mutawatir”, .
However, the oppose comes from the interpretation of the word mawla .In the case of Shia
belief, the word mawla means wali ,the exact meaning of wali is leader which everyone
should follow. This then leads Shias to the belief that Ali was to become the religious
authority and leader after the Holy Prophet, thus making him their Imam and think their
descendants also their leader which they will follow.
In contrast to this mostly people thinks that Mawala is someone who is being loved due to
their close relationship with Prophet. According to reference of following context “Oh Allah,
be a supporter of whoever supports him and an enemy of whoever opposes him .” This then
suggests that people should continue to be supporters and friends to Ali due to his close
blood relation to the Prophet and his love towards him.
why would they verse suggest that if the Prophet did not deliver this message, it was as if he
had “not delivered His message (at all).” Further to this, the verse revealed right after the
“Today I have perfected your religion and completed my favour upon you, and I was
satisfied that Islam be your religion.”
The Shia school of thought believes that this verse suggests that the completion of religion
was due to announcement of the Prophet’s immediate successor, as then there leaves no
dispute as to who would ‘succeed’ the Prophet (PBUH). Furthermore, it leads on from the
widely acknowledge hadith from the Prophet in which he says to Ali:
“You will be to me like Aaron (Harun) was to Moses (Musa), except that there will be no Prophet after me.”
This verse leads the fact that Ali ibn Abi Talib almost has the same stature after
Prophet(PBUH) and he inherit the same responsibility after the death of Prophet(PBUH) , in
the same manner that Harun (as) did for his brother Musa (as) when he left to speak to his
There are also difference in opinion about timing the verse is coming, where the Shia believe
that it came down after the Prophet’s sermon in Ghadir, other school of thought widely
disagrees with this and believe that it came down during the day of Arafah in that same final
Hajj. Here it is understood that the ‘perfection of religion’ came when the Prophet (PBUH)
addressed the Muslims on the day of Arafah, proclaiming the equality of men and women,
regardless of race and creed, showing Islam to be a functioning, multicultural society in which
Allah (swt) saw people as equals and only gaining more merit than others through their piety.
After the death of Holy Prophet (PBUH) there are new system caliph created to resolve the
conflict how to choose their leaders . The first to succeed was Abu Bakr, then Umar ibn Al-
Khattab, the third was Othman ibn Affan and then the fourth caliph was Ali ibn Abi
Talib.Ghadir Khumm ,a day on which Shias pledge their loyalty to Ali ibn Abi Talib the fourth
caliph of caliph regime ,they think that this is divine will of Allah provided them by
Prophet(PBUH),but according to other faction of Muslim’s Ali ibn Abi Talib was the right
hand man of Prophet(PBUH) and people love him due to close relationship with Prophet